A Kid is Not a Crime
By Ann Zeise
Updated: January 15, 2000
There's movement in this city and state to have a daytime
curfew which would ban young people of school age from being
out and about during school hours. I remember how this worked
in Santa Cruz when I was a 17 year old student at the University
of California. I had gone into town to shop, and was walking
down the sidewalk when a patrol car pulled up and a policeman
jumped out of the car and spread his arms out to prevent me from
continuing my stroll.
"What's the problem, officer?" I replied politely,
as my parents had taught me.
"You appear to be a truant!" he exclaimed. "Let
me see your identification."
I showed him my license, which did indeed prove I was 17.
I did not have a student body card, as they had not yet been
issued, but I explained I was a University student between classes,
and was just shopping for my dorm room, spending a sunny fall
day blowing my parents' money on Pacific Ave.
"There's a daytime curfew law in Santa Cruz for anyone
under 18. I'll have to take you in until you can prove you are
a university student."
He did indeed take me in and called up the provost, who vouched
I was a college student, and that was that. But a day was spoiled
and one young, blond girl suddenly knew what it felt like to
be thought to be a criminal, based only on her looks, just like
a black youth in "the wrong part of town."
These days we homeschool our teenaged son. One Tuesday we
had both worked hard so I sent him on his bike to McDonalds to
get some burgers for us. No problem. If a daytime curfew goes
into affect, he could be picked up. I enjoy going to technical
fairs at the San Jose Convention Center and dropping him off
at the Tech Museum while I take the cell phone in case he needs
me. In San Jose he could be picked up as truant just for being
a kid alone in a museum. I do have a card on him that says he's
a homeschooler, and he tends to blend in with kids on field trips,
so there hasn't been a problem... yet.
Neighbors, let's not make something criminal for youth that
isn't criminal for adults. It's not much of a step to making
it illegal for adults not to be in a work place during work hours!
Don't make the library and parks "off limits" to the
homeschoolers in this community during the day. We depend on
these services, and we're out learning in the community during
the day while other teens are in school. I know that a few young
people have crossed the line and are under supervision by parole
officers. These few that have blown the trust of the community
should be the only ones to suffer restrictions. But their number
is few, the rest don't need daytime curfew. We are all - youth
and adults - free in this country until we break a law. Let
the laws already on the books for criminal behavior, such as
shoplifting, be what guides police for stopping "suspects,"
not just "skipping school."
Instead, let's give our youth plenty of interesting things
to do in school and out of school. Engage them in community activities,
provide more extensive programs for At-Risk and just your usual,
garden-variety kids. The Recreation Department needs to have
a wider variety of activities for youth of Junior High age. Too
many non-sports classes are closed for 11-15 year olds. Why shouldn't
dog obedience be open to youth? Tiger Woods certainly proved
that you need to start young if you want to learn golf. Classes
should only require an interest in the subject matter and basic
Until we have message board capability, I am going to attempt
to use this "feature" capability to introduce topics
for debate. People wishing to add constructive messages to the
debate may send me email at firstname.lastname@example.org
with the subject matter the title and dateline of the feature,
in this case Being a Kid is Not a Crime 05/13/97. As messages
are collected, and you wish to refer to someone else's message,
include the writer and dateline, as well, in the body of the
Pertinent Links About Curfews
Attend Board of Education meetings to find out how the schools
plan to deal with daytime curfew or voice your opinion. You can
also watch it on cable channel 15, 7 p.m., second and fourth
Revised Palo Alto Curfew Ordinance
Here's how the law reads in neighboring Palo Alto. This what
we want in Milpitas?
Curfew Law for Minors in Milpitas
V-8-1.00 It shall be unlawful for any minor to remain or loiter
upon any street, sidewalk, park or other public place or place
open to the public within the City of Milpitas between the hours
of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m of the following day except as hereafter
Laws - State Bar of California
Currently, there is no law in California which sets out a curfew
that would apply to all youngsters in the state. Instead, these
laws or ordinances are typically passed and enforced by local
municipalities, cities, and townships.
The Impact of Juvenile Curfew Laws in California
Statistical analysis provides no support for the proposition
that stricter curfew enforcement reduces youth crime either absolutely
or relative to adults, by location, by city, or by type of crime.
By Dan MacallairMike Males, Justice Policy Institute.
and the Law
First published in 1996 after a State Bar survey revealed that
many kids were unclear about certain laws and the consequences
for breaking them. It was revised into its current form in 2001.
Print versions are now available in Spanish and Chinese.