Bloody Island Massacre
To this day, the US Army, State of California, or County of Lake,
have made no attempt to apologize for nearly annihilating the
innocent Pomo people of Bodanapotti.
California Indian Heritage Center
After a long search for an appropriate site, the California Indian Heritage Center Task Force and California State Parks secured a new location along the Sacramento River in West Sacramento.
California Indian Pre-Contact Tribal Territories
Nicely labeled map graphic showing where each California Indian
tribe lived in early California. Perfect for illustrating a 4th
Chitactac-Adams Heritage County Park
The park features the beautiful Uvas Creek and a wealth of cultural artifacts including bedrock mortars and petroglyphs left by the Ohlone Indians. Visit the park.
Coyote Hills Knap-in and the Gathering of Ohlone Peoples
At the Coyote Hills Regional Park in Fremont, California. Photos.
Federally Recognized California Tribes
The BIA only give the tribe's legal name -- often that of its
little rancheria -- so I added the tribe or tribes included for
each. I've grouped the rancherias by tribe, and arranged the
groups roughly from north to south.
What happened to the first Californians? Before 1769, over 300,000 Native Californians lived in the state. This population was made up of over 100 tribes that practiced diverse cultural and linguistic traditions. In 1870, 22 years after the discovery of gold in California, less than 30,000 were left.
A History of American Indians in California
Unlike the present population of California, the Indians lived
well within the capacity of their environment. They developed
religious systems and social norms, and they traded with their
neighbors for goods or services not available in their own communities.
National Park Service.
The free, non commercial, Indian Created and Managed information site on Costanoan/Ohlone and California indigenous people.
Linda Yamane's Apprenticeship Blog
Ohlone feathered baskets involve a labor-intensive three-rod coiling technique. In addition to the delicate work of incorporating fine mallard duck feathers throughout the outer basket wall, the baskets are adorned with quail topknot feathers and abalone shell dangles.
Muwekma Ohlone Tribe of the San Francisco Bay Area
Over ten thousand years ago, before the waters of the Pacific Ocean passed through the gap now spanned by the Golden Gate Bridge and filled the interior valley-basins, the ancestors of the present-day Muwekma Ohlone along with the neighboring tribal groups had established their homes within this changing landscape.
Native Californian Cultures
With an estimated 310,000 people at contact, California was one of the most densely populated regions in Native North America. The Hearst Museum of Anthropology.
The land abounds in these natural remedies and to classify the
plants, give their names and describe their properties, the presence
of a botanist would be required. It is certain that many illnesses
are cured by these people and they have their remedies for everything,
many quite effective.
The Ohlone People
Ancestors of the Ohlone people wandered into this land of great
abundance several thousand years ago.
An Overview of Ohlone Culture
In the 16th century, (prior to the arrival of the Spaniards),
over 10,000 Indians lived in the central California coastal areas
between Big Sur and the Golden Gate of San Francisco Bay. This
group of Indians consisted of approximately forty different tribelets
ranging in size from 100-250 members, and was scattered throughout
the various ecological regions of the greater Bay Area.
People You May Visit
Inhabitants of California. Louis Choris, 1822; hand-tinted lithograph.
The Rurik spent October 1816 in San Francisco. During that time,
expedition artist Louis Choris painted many Californians.
and Uses of California Indian Basketry
A basket was worked, and formed of grasses, twigs and fibers
into a piece of artistic design--sometimes only to be admired
for its artistry, but usually created to serve a further purpose.
Baskets were made to serve all the container needs of the early
California peoples who had no pottery.
Short Overview of California Indian History
Few contemporary Americans know of the widespread armed revolts
precipitated by Mission Indians against colonial authorities.
By Professor Edward D. Castillo
for the Ohlone
by Martha Robrahn: We have walked these hills and valleys
long before your time, When the waters ran clear, the forests
stood tall, The earth gave us all we could ever need, And we
lived our lives in dignity.
Who Came Before
Long before the Stanfords built their farm, the Muwekma-Ohlone
called this land their own. Now the University is striving to
preserve 5,000 years of history.